Canadian Firearms Safety Course and the Canadian Registered Firearms Safety Course

What is a Minor's License?

A Minor's License:

  • requires passing the CFSC
  • For those aged 12 through 17
  • Permits the Holder to Borrow a firearm for:
    • Target Practice
    • Organized Shooting Competitions,
    • Hunting; and
    • Instruction in the use of Firearms
  • Allows the holder to acquire Ammunition
  • Further restrictions are often placed on the Minor's License when issued

CFSC-CRFSC Prerequisites

For the Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC, non-Restricted), you must:

  • be 18 years old or older to apply for your Possession and Acquisition License
  • be 12 to 17 years old to apply for your Minors License
  • You must participate in 100% of the course.
  • Any retests are required (by the RCMP) to be done within 7 days.

For the Canadian Restricted Firearms Safety Course (CRFSC), you must:

Do I need to re-take the course if my PAL is expired?

Let's break this one down into 2 questions:

How long is my Possession and Acquisition License (PAL) good for?

Your PAL is good for 5 years. After that, you can renew it on the RCMP's Web Site or use the PAL Renewal Form Give yourself at least 3-6 months before the expiration of your PAL to allow for processing.

How long does it take for the RCMP to process the application for my License?

Once you have passed your examinations, filled out your Possession & Acquisition License (PAL) Application Form and send it into the RCMP there is a 28 day waiting period. After that your application will start to be processed. It can can take 3 – 6 months before your PAL is sent out to you.

What Languages is the Course given in?

We are only able to give the course, and exams, in English. Other instructors may be able to accommodate other languages to deliver the course in, but even so, the Exams may ONLY be given in ENGLISH or FRENCH.

Tell me about the EXAMS.

There are 4 exams in total: 2 EXAMS for each of the 2 Courses

  1. Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC, Non-Restricted):
    1. Practical Exam (Multiple Choice)
    2. Practical Test
  2. Canadian Restricted Firearms Safety Course (CRFSC):
    1. Practical Exam (Multiple Choice)
    2. Practical Test

The passing mark in each is 80%, and you must pass both exams to pass each course. You must pass the Non-Restricted Course to Pass the Restricted Course.

Is there any LIVE fire in this course (actual shooting)?

No, by RCMP regulations, all firearms are DISABLED (unable to fire) and only DUMMY ammunition is allowed. No firearms or ammunition capable of being fired are even allowed in the room.

What does PROVE stand for?


  1. Point the firearm in the safest available direction.
  2. Remove all cartridges.
  3. Observe the chamber.
  4. Verify the feeding path.
  5. Examine the bore.

What does ACTS stand for?


  1. Assume every firearm is loaded.
  2. Control the muzzle direction at all times.
  3. Trigger finger must be kept off the trigger and out of the trigger guard.
  4. See that the firearm is unloaded - PROVE it safe.


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